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The Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

There’s been an increasing amount of discussion surrounding the growing levels of sugar in our food and how it relates to the obesity epidemic. Frequently, these statistics are paired with the rising rate of diabetes across the country.

But what does that mean?

According to the American Diabetes Association, 29.1 million people had either type 1 or type 2 diabetes in 2012—that’s nearly 10 percent of the population! However, many of these people went undiagnosed because they didn’t know the warning signs. Today we’re going to talk about both types of diabetes and their differences so that you can catch the symptoms early.

Image of a diabetic. Contact a local endocrinologist to talk about diabetes.

What is Diabetes and What Are the Symptoms?

Diabetes is a complex disease. People with diabetes have abnormalities in insulin production. Insulin is a hormone that moves glucose from the bloodstream into the cells of the body. Without enough insulin, blood sugar levels continue to rise and extreme fatigue, blurred vision, and increased urination may occur. Those with type 1 diabetes may also experience unexplained weight loss, regardless of how many calories are being consumed. However, advances in treatments and other therapy options allow those living with type 1 or type 2 diabetes to live long, healthy lives.

The Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes, which was previously known as juvenile diabetes, is hereditary and typically diagnosed in children and young adults. This form of diabetes affects 5 percent of those diagnosed and makes them unable to produce any insulin. Unlike type 1, type 2 diabetes is typically diagnosed in adulthood. Unlike type 1 diabetics, people with type 2 can still produce insulin, but they either can’t make enough or their body is partially resistant to it. 

Persons affected with either type 1 or type 2 diabetes may need to check blood sugar levels multiple times a day and use medicine or even insulin to maintain a healthy blood glucose level. While people with type 1 diabetes will always need to take insulin, those affected with type 2 diabetes may be able to use other medications. Regardless of the type of diabetes, patients can control the disease.

Living with Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes

There is no one-size-fits-all treatment available for diabetes. For more information about diabetes, or to speak with a medical professional about symptoms you’re experiencing, call 440-250-8660 or contact Westshore online to make an appointment with one of our Cleveland endocrinologists today. 

Dr. Christina Trillis, M.D.

DISCLAIMER: This blog is for informational purposes only. It does not replace medical care from a licensed physician. If you have a medical concern, please contact your doctor. 

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